A Planning Process Step 08 - Identify Outcomes

Outcomes are the desired results or impact of a process, program, project or activity initiated by stakeholders. Outcomes are about individual, organizational and community change. Outcomes can include change in knowledge, status or condition, behaviours, attitudes or values, or skills.

Any activity can have more than one outcome, and some may even be unanticipated. However, effective identification of desired outcomes is essential for successful planning.

Outcomes answer these distinct questions:


  • What will stakeholders and the community have that they don't have now?
  • What will be lost if this is not done?

Always, begin with the end in mind.


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