Ask participants to generate a list of what is 'in' and what is 'out' for the project or initiative. If appropriate you could then have them generate a list of what is 'in' or 'out' for a more specific topic.
Once a challenge has been identified and an initiative undertaken to achieve change by engaging others, generating a vision, establishing values, developing outcomes and measures, the identified strategies can be implemented by developing action steps, roles, costs and timelines.
You know Where you are now, and also Where you want to be. You know Why there is a problem or need for change, and Who is involved.
You know What your stakeholders will have that they did not when you started your planning process.
The planning tools and exercises in this section of your Toolkit will guide your group in the identification and undertaking When and How group members, stakeholders and your community will achieve your purpose. And, you will also be able to prioritize and coordinate all the elements that contribute to realizing your goals.
When expressed in writing, action steps should be SMART: specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and targeted; they should also have observable measurable results.